IELTS Vocabulary – Technology

Believe it or not, many students confuse academic language for writing task 2 and spoken, informal language. In this blog lesson, you will learn lots of language for your speaking test for the topic technology.

Forms of the word:

  • technology (n)
  • technologies (plural n)
  • technological (adj)

The article below is about why men like modern technological devices. It’s written informally and with humour. I’ve underlined useful words for you to learn and practice using. The questions are at the bottom of the passage but I’ve also put a couple of links to them in the passage itself for easy access – check the Qs link.

Why Men Like Gadgets

Be it communication devices, play station, music systems, sports gear, cars and other electronic equipments, men share a special relationship with gadgets. It’s only when a woman understands her man’s fondness for these gizmos, are they able to balance their relationship with them. Here’s why men believe in romancing their gadgets:

Sense of freedom

For most men, the cell phone, or their wireless PDA and compact notebook are symbols of freedom. The mere fact that they own one such gadget makes a man feel unbound. Men can store huge piece of information in his tiny device and feel confident. Qs

Questions:

  1. Men are always after the latest ………….
  2. There’s nothing worse than sitting next to a ………… person
  3. I wouldn’t say he’s lacking in ……….. He’s so full of himself.
  4. If you can’t get to sleep, try to avoid drinking caffeinated drinks after 5pm or not using any ………. such as tablets that have a bright screen late at night. That should …………..

Sense of power

Gadgets like laser pointers provides a sense of power to men. Men love to feel powerful and gadgets enhance their supremacy, at least they feel so. The SUV cars and high-speed Internet connections are all demonstrations of power for men.

Ego-boosters

Funkiest cars, tiniest video camera, expensive function-laden watch, and the fastest computer – all these work as ego-boosters for men. In fact, men use gadgets to impress each other. Arm wrestling, bike racing or drinking competitions are no more the ways to prove masculinity; it’s these gadgets that do the trick now. They are the new way to show off wealth, taste, advancement and knowledge. Qs

Questions:

  1. Men are always after the latest ………….
  2. There’s nothing worse than sitting next to a ………… person
  3. I wouldn’t say he’s lacking in ……….. He’s so full of himself.
  4. If you can’t get to sleep, try to avoid drinking caffeinated drinks after 5pm or not using any ………. such as tablets that have a bright screen late at night. That should …………..

Gadgets lure women

A classy car, latest cell phone, expensive watches and other gadgets, men think, help impress women.

Need to fidget

Men often have a tendency to get restless easily and gadgets contribute to the cause. Television remote control, mobile phones, laptops are few perfect examples of “fidgeting gadgets” men tend to use.

Stress buster

Men prefer to avoid talking about the subject that’s giving them stress and gadgets often work as a stress buster in such situations. Engaging themselves in gadgets is the way men choose to de-stress themselves.

Vocabulary Practice

Complete the sentence using a word or words taken from the article above. This is not an IELTS reading exercise, it is just an exercise to practice using the language in the passage. You may need to change the form of the word.

  1. Men are always after the latest ………….
  2. There’s nothing worse than sitting next to a ………… person
  3. I wouldn’t say he’s lacking in ……….. He’s so full of himself.
  4. If you can’t get to sleep, try to avoid drinking caffeinated drinks after 5pm or not using any ………. such as tablets that have a bright screen late at night. That should …………..

Vocabulary

Here is a list of useful vocabulary. See below for the audio to listen to the pronunciation.

  • gadget = tool, device , implement (informal)
  • gizmos = gadget, device (informal)
  • unbound = liberated
  • ego = self-image, self-esteem
  • ego-booster = something that enhances a person’s self-image (informal)
  • funky = cool, trendy, happening (informal)
  • do the trick = do exactly what is needed (informal)
  • function-laden = full of functions (informal)
  • fidget – move nervously and continuously (informal)
  • stress buster = something which reduces stress (informal)
  • to be after something = to want something (informal)
  • to be full of oneself = to be over-confident and have a lot of self-esteem

 

Answers

  1. gadgets or gizmos (could also be singular)
  2. fidgety
  3. ego
  4. gadgets or gizmos / do the trick

 

 

Example of an IELTS speaking question with model answer:

  • Question: Do you like modern technology?
  • Answer: Yes, I do. I’m pretty gadget mad actually. Whenever they release an up-grade, I’m the first in line to see what new functions they’ve incorporated into the new model and how it works. My friends are always saying that I spend too much money on the latest gizmos.
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IELTS Vocabulary – Face & Facial organs

believe it or not, the list of facial organ vocabs below are also frequently mentioned during your IELTS tests. So it is safer to get familiar with them 🙂

face-vocabulary

 

By the way, there is a word missing (the question mark one). Can you have a guess what it is?

 

Answer: Eye brow

IELTS Vocabulary: Newspaper & Current Affairs

We have a collection of useful vocabulary for newspapers. These words can be used for talking or writing about newspapers (hint hint IELTS Writing or Speaking tests). Not only showing up in IELTS speaking and writing task 2, you will find them in listening and reading as well. It’s definitely worthwhile learning this useful newspaper vocabulary.

Types of Newspapers

  • tabloids = gossip newspapers
  • broadsheets = newspapers printed on large sheets which are usually considered more serious
  • daily / weekly / monthly newspapers = papers printed once a day / once a week / once a month
  • quarterly newspapers = newspapers printed once every 3 months
  • heavy newspaper = a newspaper with serious content
  • gutter press = newspapers which focus on sensational journalism, often about the lives of famous people
  • periodical = a newspaper or magazine published at regular intervals
  • local / regional newspaper = a newspaper which contain news from a particular area
  • national newspaper = a newspaper which contain news from the whole country

Newspaper Content

  • headlines = heading or title appearing at the top of a page or article
  • columns = news that is printed in vertical columns rather than taking a whole page
  • obituaries = a section in the newspaper about people who have recently died
  • horoscope = a section in the newspaper about star signs and zodiac signs which foretell the future
  • weather report = a section in the newspaper for weather forecasts
  • business section = a section in the newspaper with business news
  • international / world news section = a section in the newspaper which focuses on news from abroad
  • caption = a explanation or title matching a picture or cartoon
  • letter to the editor = a section in the newspaper for people to express their views to the editor of the newspaper
  • special feature = a special story
  • editorial = a news article containing the editor’s opinions
  • comic strip = a cartoon series in the newspaper
  • advice column = a column in the newspaper where advice is given to people who write in for it
  • TV guide = a section in the newspaper with a guide for TV programs for the coming day or week

 

Other Useful Vocabulary for Newspapers

  • circulation = the number of copies a newspaper distributes on an average day (some newspapers have a wider circulation than others)
  • edition = a particular version of a text
  • layout = the way articles are designed on a page (this can include the position of pictures, the number of columns and the size of headlines)
  • attention-grabbing = a news story which draws public attention
  • eye-catching = a picture or layout which catches a person’s eye
  • in-depth = with many details
  • sensational news = news which causes public excitement or interest
  • black and white = without colour
  • direct quotation = words taken directly from what a person has said
  • paparazzi = a freelance photographer who follows celebrities
  • front page = the first page of a newspaper
  • supplementary magazine = a magazine which sometimes is given free with a newspaper
  • back issue = an old newspaper edition
  • subject matter = the topic dealt with in an article
  • proof reader = a person who checks a text for errors
  • fact checkers = a person (people) who checks if the newspaper facts and information in an article are correct
  • hot off the press = news that has just been printed and is very recent
  • readership = the collective readers of a newspaper (some newspapers have a large readership)
  • issue (n) = 1. an important topic for a debate   2. a copy of a newspaper

Practice with Newspaper Vocabulary

Fill in the following sentences with word(s) from the above lists. Words can be adapted to make the sentences grammatically correct.

  1.  I can’t understand why people buy ……………….. because they don’t contain real news, just gossip.
  2. Famous people deserve the right to privacy and the government should do more to control and limit ……………
  3. There are so many mistakes in that article with information that they’ve got wrong. They really should employ a …………….
  4. I’m not keen on the …………… of some newspapers. It seems to me as though they are trying to fill the pages with pictures and big words to get people’s attention but I just think it’s messy.
  5.  Did you read about that amazing hero in WWII that recently died? There was a wonderful article about her life in the …………….. today.
  6. The reason that many people only glance through the papers to read the ……………….. is that they are so busy and don’t have time to read the details in the articles themselves.
  7. Although we live in a global world, where international news is important to follow, it is still vital that people read their ……………… newspapers in order to learn about the community in which they live.
  8. I quite like reading …………… because it’s interesting to read the views of the editor on particular issues.

 

 

Answers

  1. tabloids
  2. paparazzi (it is also possible to have the answer of “the gutter press”)
  3. fact checker
  4. layout
  5. obituaries
  6. headlines
  7. regional / local
  8. editorials

 

Error Correction

Find the mistakes in the following sentences. There is one mistake in each sentence.

  1. The paparazzi, who work freelance, are notorious for hound celebrities.
  2. Gutter press focuses on mainly sensational news.
  3. Tabloid are not popular newspapers among the educated people in my country.
  4. Fact checkers do important work and are responsible to make sure that people are quote correctly in articles.
  5. The recent article about marine environmental problems is hot of the press.
  6. For my research, I had to go through a lot of back issues of various newspapers to find the articles relate to my degree thesis.
  7. I’m pleased that newspapers are starting to include some colour photographs and pictures because it makes the articles more interesting and eye-catch.
  8. One of my favourite parts of a newspaper is the comic strip because I find the message in the cartoons so relevent to the major issues of the day.

Answers

  1. hound = hounding (chasing)
  2. Gutter press = The gutter press
  3. Tabloid = Tabloids
  4. quote = quoted
  5. hot of the press = hot off the press
  6. relate = relating
  7. eye-catch = eye-catching
  8. relevent = relevant

IELTS Vocabulary: Music & Instruments

Below is a list of common musical instruments divided by type. How many instruments do you know? Can you pronounce them all correctly?

  • How do you pronounce the word “guitar”? Answer
    The word guitar is pronounced /ɡɪˈtɑː/ . The “u” is a silent letter. See below to listen to the pronunciation.
  • What kind of instrument is the violin? Answer
    It’s a small stringed instrument made of wood.
  • What traditional instruments are there in your country? Answer
    Here are some examples of traditional musical instruments around the world: in India, there is the sitar (a stringed instrument), in China there is the gu-zheng ( a 21 stringed instrument), in Vietnam there is a bamboo xylophone ( percussion instrument), in Italy there is the mandolin (similar to a guitar), in Australia there is didgeridoo (a wind instrument made from the branch of a tree), in Egypt there is the sistrum ( a u-shaped framed drum) and in Scotland there are the bag pipes (a wind instrument), in Iraq there is the oud (a stringed instrument similar to a lute).    ……Please note that this answer is not an example of how to answer an IELTS question, it’s just some general information for you about instruments in your country – if your country has an instrument which is not in this list, please let me know. Liz

Vocabulary Practice

Can you label the picture below?

musical instuments

Answers

 

  1. microphone
  2. record / vinyl
  3. accordion
  4. bugle
  5. drum
  6. flute
  7. guitar
  8. harmonica
  9. harp
  10. keyboard
  11. piano
  12. saxophone

 

Types of Musical Instruments

Stringed Instruments

  • guitar
  • violin
  • cello
  • viola
  • harp
  • banjo
  • electric guitar
  • fiddle
  • lute
  • sitar

 

 

Wind Instruments

  • flute
  • saxophone
  • trumpet
  • pipes
  • recorder
  • tuba
  • oboe
  • bagpipes
  • clarinet
  • bugle
  • harmonica

Key Board Instruments

  • piano
  • electronic keyboard
  • organ

Percussion Instruments

  • drums
  • triangles
  • xylophone / bamboo xylophone
  • wood blocks
  • accordion

 

IELTS Vocabulary: Vegetables & Food

Learn vocabulary for vegetables for the topic of food. In IELTS it is very likely to get tested on the topic of either food or just vegetables in speaking part 1. Make sure you include a variety of vocabulary in your responses.

Can you name all the vegetables in the picture below? Under the picture is a list of possible words, not all of them are in the picture (there are 26 words but only 24 answers needed).

vegetables-english-vocabulary-game

 

broccoli          aubergine          corn           tomatoes         bean sprouts           artichoke         cucumber           lettuce            onions           radish             garlic pumpkin          sweet potato             cauliflower               sprouts             potatoes              asparagus                peas              courgette              red pepper             chili pepper           carrots               parsnip               celery              beans                mushrooms           spinach         beetroot

Answers

  1. peas
  2. mushrooms
  3. pumpkin
  4. cauliflower
  5. radish
  6. onions
  7. celery
  8. artichoke
  9. carrots
  10. potatoes
  11. lettuce
  12. tomatoes
  13. aubergine or eggplant
  14. sprouts
  15. courgette or zucchini
  16. cabbage
  17. corn (corn on the cob)
  18. asparagus
  19. beetroot
  20. broccoli
  21. red pepper
  22. sweet potato
  23. cucumber
  24. beans

IELTS Vocabulary: Films & Movies

Film Genres

  • action films
  • comedies
  • romantic films
  • rom-coms
  • adventure films
  • musicals
  • dramas
  • period films or historical dramas (films set in another historical time)
  • real life films
  • war films
  • horror films
  • science fiction (Sci-Fi or SF)

 

 

Based on the below written descriptions, please try think which film genre it is. Then check out the answers below 🙂

  1. These films are serious and plot driven (story line motivated) with realistic characters and lots of character development as well as character interaction.
  2. These films usually have high energy, stunts and quite a few fights.
  3. These films contain both romantic and very amusing elements.
  4. Often set in another world or on another planet, these films are full of imagination.
  5. These films are based on a life event that actually happened with characters that really existed. Portrayal is supposed to be accurate but that isn’t always the case.
  6. The plot of these films is mainly based around a conflict between two countries or two groups and is usually set on land, in the air or at sea.
  7. These films are exciting and often follow a search or an expedition to find something.
  8. Not all people like these films in which words are often sung rather than spoken.
  9. These films confront our hidden fears.
  10. These films have you in stitches with tears rolling down your cheeks.
  11. The story in these films is heartwarming and often preferred by women.
  12. Often set in the past in a well-known time and usually depicts a famous historical character or event.

Answers

  1. dramas
  2. action films
  3. romcom
  4. science fiction
  5. real life films
  6. war films
  7. adventure films
  8. musicals
  9. horror films
  10. comedy (have you in stitches = make you laugh very much)
  11. romantic films
  12. historical films

IELTS Vocabulary: Environmental Issues and Problems

List of Top Environmental Problems in the Modern World

  •  acid rain = rain which is polluted by chemicals
  • deforestation =  rain forests and wooded areas being cut down
  • loss of biodiversity = species becoming extinct
  • ozone layer depletion = the ozone layer is being destroyed and becoming thinner
  • land degradation = soil and land pollution as well as desertification
  • resource depletion = lack of natural resources worldwide
  • climate change = negative changes to the world weather patterns
  • air pollution = air that contains pollutants
  • marine pollution = the pollution of our oceans and seas
  • over population = the increasing population of the world

 

Acid rain – Try fill in the blanks based on the words you have learnt previously, and then check out the answers below

  • Rain that contains large amounts of (1)………………. This can cause serious health problems as particles of pollution can enter people’s (2)…………………..
  • Acid rain can (3)……………. into the ground causing soil pollution.
  • As rain falls into lakes and river this can cause water pollution.
  • Acid rain can also be responsible for damaging (4)……………

Answers

  1. chemicals
  2. lungs
  3. seep
  4. buildings

 

Deforestation

  • Deforestation is the destruction of forests and the cutting down of trees on a large scale.
  • As forests are cut down, it affects the atmosphere and (1)………………… as trees play a large part in the water cycle.
  • Another problem is the loss of (2)……………………. Some species of plants and animals have already been lost while others remain endangered. This is due to the loss of their (3)………..
  • This process affects climate change. Trees (4)……………… CO2 and give off oxygen. By destroying forests more CO2 remains in the atmosphere affecting the climate.
  • In the area where the trees have been removed, (5)……………….. occurs as the earth is exposed to the sun’s heat. This evaporates much needed nutrients contained in the soil and is very difficult to reverse.

Answers

  1. ecosystem
  2. biodiversity
  3. habitat
  4. absorb
  5. soil erosion

 

Loss of Biodiversity

  • Each species, no matter how small, has a role to play in the (1) …………………
  • A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of (2)………………..
  • Greater species diversity ensures (3) …………………. for all life forms; and healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters.
  • The loss of biodiversity can affect our (4)………………, access to clean water and also the range of raw materials.

Answers

  1. ecosystem
  2. crops
  3. natural sustainability
  4. food security

 

Ozone Layer Depletion

  • The ozone provides essential protection from the (1)……….. ultraviolet radiation.
  • Certain industrial compounds (2)…………. the ozone layer.
  • This reduces the ability of the ozone to protect (3)……………… from UV radiation.
  • This is a global issue as the compounds affecting the ozone come from other parts of the world to where the problem lies.

Answers

  1. sun’s
  2. break down
  3. surface life

 

Land Degradation

  • This relates to changes in the land which reduces its (1)………………………………
  • Factors that have contributed to land degradation include soil erosion, (2)……………………, desertification and loss of vegetation cover.
  • Many of these factors are (3)………………… by human activities.
  • With a growing world population, land degradation can have serious effects on our ability to feed everyone due to reduced (4)…………….. in major food crops.

Answers

  1. productive potential
  2. loss of fertility
  3. exacerbated
  4. yields

 

Resource Depletion

  • Humans are using (1)……….. more resources than the Earth can replenish each year.
  • This leads to pollution, land degradation, soil erosion and (2)………………
  • This problem is worsening as populations and consumption keep growing.
  • (3)………………….. are unable to keep up with the rate of resource depletion.
  • Some scientists believe that by 2030 we will need two planets to provide our wants.
  • The US and China account for more than (4)…………… of the planet’s ecological footprint, with 21% each.

Answers

  1. 30%
  2. deforestation
  3. Science and technology
  4. two-fifths

 

Climate Change

  • The build up of (1)……………… into the atmosphere have led to changes in the world’s climates.
  • The cause of this can be found in carbon emissions and the combustion of (2)………………..
  • Climate change can be felt in the rise in temperatures and the changes of (3)……………….. on a global scale.
  • As a result droughts, floods, wildfires and storms are becoming more frequent.
  • With the increase in temperatures comes the rise in sea levels which threaten (4)…………………. lands.
  • The future consequences are potentially devastating.

Answers

  1. greenhouse gases
  2. fossil fuels
  3. weather patterns
  4. low lying

 

Air Pollution

  • Combustion, mining, factories, (1)………………., farming, fires and automobiles all pose threats as potential air pollutants.
  • This endangers our health and ecosystem.
  • Smog, mainly from factory smoke, is (2)……………… and can produce chronic problems such as lung disease, asthma and heart disease, resulting in an estimated 200,000 (3)………… deaths per year.

Answers

  1. power plants
  2. hazardous
  3. premature

 

Marine Pollution

  • The main contributor of ocean pollution begins on land, namely non-point pollution from septic tanks, sewage sludge, car oil leaks, boats and (1) …………………., which make their way to the sea.
  • Other reasons for the pollution is that some boats and even countries (2)………….. their waste directly into the ocean.
  • Water covers approximately (3)…………… of our globe, it would seem that it is an (4)…………… resource but it is not.
  • Humans are destroying the homes of millions of (5)………………………, some of which we know little to nothing about.
  • Ocean pollution is not only devastating for the sea creatures, it can also be devastating for (6)……………….. as well.

Answers

  1. farm chemicals
  2. deposit
  3. 70%
  4. abundant
  5. aquatic creatures
  6. humans

 

World Population

  • The world population is currently 7 billion and is estimated to be (1)………………. by 2024.
  • This is due to improved living standards and medicine which results in a (2)………………… and lower infant mortality.
  • Over population will result in (3)……………………… and an increase in carbon emissions worsening climate change.
  • In urban areas it may result in lower standards of living and increasing (4)……………………
  • Feeding such a large population will also create challenges.
  • Safe, environmentally friendly (5)………………. will also become a problem as the world population grows which can result in growing pollution.

Answers

  1. 8 billion
  2. longer life span
  3. draining world resources
  4. crime rates
  5. waste disposal