As we have mentioned in our previous statement the Speaking exam is not an academic test. You must have a better understanding on how examiners mark your score. What you might not know is that each section contributes to your final Speaking Score by breaking these skills down even further, identifying the key aspects of each. Note, that each criterion consist of 25% which sums up to 100%:
- Fluency and Coherence (25%)
Fluency refers to how good the candidate is at keeping talking at the right speed and proper intonation while Coherence refers to how logical you connected your ideas in speech. This is a fairly general criteria which include evaluating the relevance of the candidate’s answers, it refers to the speaker’s need to be able to understand and follow the rules of language at a word, sentence and text level.
- Lexical Resource (25%)
This specifies to how much vocabulary the candidate has and how well they use it. As well as the rules of language at a word level, this criteria considers the communicative functions of speech and the social meaning of speech. Idiomatic language is also a plus.
- Grammatical Range and Accuracy (25%)
Your grammatical score is, obviously, a reflection of your mastery of English grammar. This refers to how many structures the candidate has and how well they use them. Again, as well as the rules of language, this criteria considers the communicative functions of speech.
- Pronunciation (25%)
This refers to how well the candidate enunciates individual words. As well as considering the communicative effect of the candidate’s pronunciation, there is an evaluation of how much strain it causes on a listener, and how noticeable their accent is – although accent itself is not a problem.
To sum up, these aspects are relevant to each other to make speech effective in communication. For instance, if you have a thick accent, your control of the grammar and extensive lexicon can support your response. Likewise, perhaps you speak rather slowly and deliberately because your fluency is weak and requires consideration. In this case, it may be a strong vocabulary and well-pronounced words that may keep your message afloat. When you think of it, the way that the IELTS speaking section is marked is pretty genius.